Syllabus

16114140_10209838714378467_1679125213150101477_nYoga teacher training certification

Level 1: Yoga instructor training program

SECTION 1

1.1 Introduction to Yoga and Yogic practices

 Etymology of Yoga and definitions of Yoga in different Classical Yoga texts

 Brief introduction to origin, history and development of Yoga

 Aim, Objectives and Misconceptions about Yoga

 General Introduction to Shad-darshanas with special reference to Sankhya and Yoga

 General introduction to four paths of Yoga

 Principles of Yoga and Yogic practices

 Guidelines for Instructors

 

1.2 Introduction to Hatha Yoga

 Distinction between Yoga Asana and Non-Yogic physical practices

 Introduction to important Hatha Yoga Texts with special reference to Hatha Yoga Pradipika and Gheranda Samhita

 Concept of Yogic Diet

 Causes of Success (SadhakaTattwa) and Causes of Failure (Badhaka Tattwa) in Hatha Yoga Sadhana

 Concept of Ghata and Ghata Shudhhi in Hatha Yoga

 Purpose and utility of Shat-kriya Hatha Yoga

 Purpose and utility of Asana in Hatha Yoga

 Purpose and importance of Pranayama in Hatha Yoga

 

1.3 Introducton to Patanjali

 Definition, nature and aim of Yoga according to Patanjali

 Concept of Chitta and Chitta Bhumis

Chitta-vrittis and Chitta-vrittinirodhopaya (Abhyasa and Vairagya)

 Concept of Ishwara and Ishwara Pranidhana

Chitta Vikshepas (Antarayas) and their associates (Sahabhuva)

 Concept of Chitta Prasadana and their relevance in mental well being

Kleshas and their significance in Yoga

 Ashtanga Yoga of Patanjali : its purpose and effects, its significance

 

SECTION 2

Familiarity with the following

2.1 Introduction to human systems, yoga and health

 The nine systems of human body

 Functions of different systems of human body

 Introduction to Sensory Organs

 Neuromuscular co-ordination of Sensory Organs

 Basic understanding of Exercise Physiology

 Homeostasis

 The benefits of various asana on different parts of the human body

 The limitations and contra-indications of specific Yoga practices

 

2.2 Yoga for wellness- prevention and promotion of positive health

 Health, its meaning and definitions

 Yogic conceptions of health and diseases

 Concept of Pancha kosha

 Concept of Triguna

 Concept of Panchamahabhutas

 Yogic principles of Healthy-Living

 Introduction to yogic diet and nutrition

 

2.3 Yoga and stress management

 Human Psyche: Yogic and modern concepts, Behavior and Consciousness

 Frustration, Conflicts, and Psychosomatic disorders

 Relationship between Mind and Body

 Mental Hygiene and Role of Yoga in Mental Hygiene

 Mental health: a Yogic perspective

 Prayer and meditation for mental health

 Psycho-social environment and its importance for mental health (yama, and niyama)

 Concept of stress according to modern science and Yoga

 Role of Yoga in Stress management

 Role of Yoga for Life management

 

SKILL

SECTION 3

Familiarity with the following (only knowledge)

3.1 The movement of key joints of the body and the demonstrated ability to perform the same

  1. Neck
  2. Shoulder
  3. Trunk
  4. Knee
  5. Ankle

3.2 Sukhshma Vyayama and Shat Karma

Neti

Dhauti

Kapalabhati

Agnisaar Kriya

Trataka

 

SECTION 4

Surya Namaskar and Asana

4.1 Suryanamaskar (Sun Salutation)

  1. a. Knowledge and Demonstration ability to perform Suryanamaskar

4.2 Asana:

  1. Knowledge of upto basic postures as below and demonstrated ability to perform these postures.
  2. Saravangasana (shoulderstand)
  3. Halasana (plough)
  4. Matsyasana (fish)
  5. Paschimottanasana (sitting forward bend)
  6. Bhujangasana (cobra)
  7. Salabhasana (locust)
  8. Dhanurasana (bow)
  9. Ardh matsyendrasana (half spinal twist)
  10. Kakasana or bakasana (crow)
  11. Padahasthasana (standing forward bend)
  12. Trikonasana (triangle)

 

  1. Knowledge of another five asanas chosen by the applicant and demonstrated ability to perform the same.
  2. Knowledge of the Sanskrit names of the postures and breathing exercises, detailed benefits and caution.
  3. Knowledge of the five spinal movements – inverted, forward, backward, lateral twist and lateral bend and neutral positions of the spine
  4. Knowledge of 360 degree, all round, Yogic exercise through the practice of asanas, proper relaxation, proper breathing, contra-indications, cautions and medical considerations; obvious and subtle benefits; and modification in basic postures to accommodate limitations

 

SECTION 5

Pranayama and Practices leading to Meditation

5.1 Pranayama

  1. Familiarity with and Demonstrated ability to perform abdominal (and diaphragmatic), thoracic, clavicular breathing and the full Yogic breath.
  2. Familiarity with and Demonstrated ability to perform Anuloma Viloma, Bhastrika, Chandrabheda, Suryabhedhana, Ujjayi, Bhramari, Sheetali, Sheetkari, and the knowledge of its benefits, limitation and applications.

5.2 Practices leading to Meditation

  1. Familiarity with and Demonstrated ability to perform Dharana and Dhyana and to demonstrate allied practices like Mudras, Mantra Japa.
  2. Familiarity with the concept of environment for meditation and the benefits of meditation on health and well being and its practical application in modern life.

 

SECTION 6

Teaching Practice

6.1 Knowledge of

  1. The scope of practice of Yoga and how to assess the need for referral to other professional services when needed
  2. Observed capacity for, well-developed communication skills: listening, presence, directive and non-directive dialogue.

 

6.2 Demonstrated ability

  1. To recognize, adjust, and adapt to specific aspirant needs in the progressive classes.
  2. To recognize and manage the subtle dynamics inherent in the teacher – aspirant relationship.

 

6.3 Principles and skills for educating aspirants

  1. Familiarity with and demonstrated ability to apply effective teaching methods, adapt to unique styles of learning, provide supportive and effective feedback, acknowledge the aspirant’s progress, and cope with difficulties.

 

6.4 Principles and skills for working with groups

a Familiarity with and Demonstrated ability to design and implement group programs.

b. Familiarity of group dynamics and allied techniques of communication skills, time management, and the establishment of priorities and boundaries.

c. Familiarity with techniques to address the specific needs of individual participants, to the degree possible in a group setting.

 

Level 2: Yoga Teacher Training Program (Advanced)

SECTION 1: Principles and Fundamentals of Yoga:

1.1. Familiarity with the evolution of the teachings and philosophy of the Yoga tradition and its relevance and application to the practice of Yoga.

1.2. Familiarity with the teachings of Vedas, Principle Upanishads, Shad-darshana, Agama and Purana.

1.3. Familiarity with the four schools of Yoga (Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Karma Yoga and Raja Yoga)

1.3.1. Jnana Yoga

  • Four stages of Jnana (Viveka, Vairagya, satsangata, mumukshutva)
  • Stages of Jnana Yoga practice (shravan, manana, Nidhidhyasana)
  • Seven major chakras, and its correlation to states of consciousness
  • The concepts of ida, pingla and the sushumna the central channel of energy running along the spine.

1.3.2. Bhakti Yoga

  • Navavidha Bhakti
  • Qualities of a bhakta
  • The pronunciation, chanting, knowledge, benefits of Sanskrit chants, hymns, bhajans.
  • Satsang and the uplifting meaning of the chants helping to thin the activities of the mind
  • Mantra chanting, and their effect on the nadi and the chakras
  • Demonstrated ability to create a bhakti bhava during the chanting and singing

1.3.3. Karma Yoga

  • The concept of karma Yoga
  • Prerequisites for a sthita prajna
  • Sthitaprajna lakshana
  • The law of karma

1.3.4. Raja Yoga

  • Concepts and principles of Patanjala Yoga
  • Concepts and principles of Hatha Yoga (by swatamarama)

1.4. Familiarity with the fundamental principles of Yoga (pancha kosha, pancha bhuta, pancha prana, shad-chakras)

1.6. GURUS AND MASTERS

1.6.1. Familiarity with the concepts of teacher, guru, master, lineage

1.6.2. Familiarity with the contribution of the yogis like

  • Patanjali
  • Adishankaracharya
  • Aurobindo
  • Swami Vivekananda.

SECTION 2: Introduction to basic Yoga Texts

2.1.1 The Yoga sutras of Patanjali

  1. a) Yoga anushasana
  2. b) Concept of citta
  3. c) Citta vritti
  4. d) Citta prasadana
  5. e) Panch Klesha
  6. f) Ashtanga Yoga

2.1.3 Hatha Yoga theory

  1. a) Introduction the Hatha Yoga parampara
  2. b) General introduction to Hatha Yoga texts
  3. c) Concept of mitahara, pathya, apathya, types of Yoga aspirants
  4. d) Badhak tatva and Sadhak tatva, principles to be followed by Hatha Yoga practitioner.
  5. e) Shatkarma, asanas, pranayama, bandhas, mudras, pratyahara, dhyana and samadhi as described in Hatha Yoga Pradipika.

SECTION 3: Applications of Yoga (Human Anatomy, Physiology and Psychology)

a. Familiarity with the major systems in the body – skeletal, muscular, respiratory, nervous, cardio-vascular, endocrine, excretory, digestive and reproductive

  1. Familiarity with the effects of Hatha Yoga as compared to other forms of exercise – on the joints, bones, muscles, heart, brain and so on, and therefore on health and well-being.
  2. Familiarity with the benefits of various asana on different parts of the human body

3.2 Obstacles

  1. Familiarity with obstacles in Yoga practices
  2. Familiarity with limitations and contra-indications of specific Yoga practices

3.3 Yogic diet

  1. Familiarity with the Triguna
  2. Familiarity with an Ayurvedic approach to diet and nutrition; and the ethical and spiritual reasons for a saatvik vegetarian diet.
  3. Familiarity with the different diets, and its effects on the anatomy and physiology, Yogic diet – a lacto vegetarian, saatvik approach to food.
  4. Familiarity with the benefits of Yogic diet on the physical and mental well-being and as an enabler for further practice of Yoga

3.4 Psychology

Familiarity with

  1. Concepts of cognition, perception.
  2. Theories of cognition and non-cognition
  3. Personality traits and classification
  4. Familiarity with the Indian Psychology

Psychology as per Bhagavat Gita

Psychology as per the Yoga stras of Patanjali

4.1 Teaching environment

  1. Knowledge and demonstration ability to prepare the class room with cleanliness, proper laying of the mat, sufficient spacing, decorum
  2. Knowledge and Demonstrated ability
  3. To prepare the course schedule giving due weightage to various aspects of the practice of Yoga
  4. To teach to a pre-defined script through a standard teaching process
  5. Describing the practice (name, meaning, justification, category, type, counts, complementary postures)
  6. Demonstration (silent demo, demo with counts, demo with counts breathing and explanation)
  7. Benefits and limitation
  8. Single group practice
  9. Practice in pairs
  10. Explanation of Subtle points
  11. Whole group practice
  12. Question answers

iii. To teach as per the daily plan and the course schedule

  1. To keep records of aspirants enrolled, their attendance and their progress report during the programme
  2. To obtain feedback from the aspirants and make course correction as appropriate
  3. Knowledge and Demonstrated ability to use the four teaching techniques of observation, instructions, touch and demonstration.

SECTION 5: Sukhshma Vyayama and Shat Karma

5.1 Shat Kriyas (cleansing techniques)

  1. Knowledge of Shat kriyas the six classical exercises for purifying the body and mind and demonstrated ability to perform the same
  2. Kapalabhati
  3. Neti (Jal neti – with water and Sutra neti with a catheter)

iii. Dhauti which includes vatasara, agnisara and kunjal kriyas

  1. Trataka and pratyahara by gazing at a candle flame, or a specific point of concentration).
  2. Knowledge of the shat kriyas to cleanse the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual body as a way to move from gross experiences to more subtle experiences

5.2 Sukshma Vyayama

  1. Knowledge of movement of key joints of the body and the demonstrated ability to perform the same
  2. Neck
  3. Shoulder
  4. Trunk
  5. Knee
  6. Ankle
  7. Knowledge of the benefits of each of these practices and their compounding effect on the gross bodies.

SECTION 6: Surya Namaskar and Yogasana

6.1 Suryanamaskara (Sun Salutation posture sequence)

  1. In-depth knowledge and Demonstration ability to perform Suryanamaskara

6.2 Yogasana:

  1. In-depth knowledge of 15 basic postures as below and demonstrated ability to perform these postures.
  2. The headstand, the shoulder stand, the plough, the bridge, the wheel, the fish, the sitting forward bend, the cobra, the locust, the bow

the half spinal twist, the crow/peacock, the standing forward bend and the triangle

  1. In-depth knowledge of another five asanas chosen by the applicant and demonstrated ability to perform the same.
  2. Knowledge of the Sanskrit names of the postures and breathing exercises, detailed benefits and caution.
  3. Knowledge of the five spinal movements – inverted, forward, backward, lateral twist and lateral bend and neutral positions of the spine 7
  4. Knowledge of 360 degree, all round, Yogic exercise through the practice of asanas, proper relaxation, proper breathing, contra-indications, cautions and medical considerations; obvious and subtle benefits; and modification in basic postures to accommodate limitations

SECTION 7: Pranayama and Meditation

7.1 Pranayama

  1. Knowledge and Demonstrated ability to perform abdominal (and diaphragmatic), thoracic, clavicular breathing and the full Yogic breath, anuloma viloma (alternate nostril breathing).
  2. Knowledge and Demonstrated ability to perform advanced pranayama bhramari, surya bheda, sheetali and seetkari and sadanta and ujjayi. Chandrabheda, Suryabheda and the knowledge of its benefits, limitation and applications.

7.2 Meditation

  1. Knowledge and Demonstrated ability to perform Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and to demonstrate allied practices like Mudras, Japa Mala, Mantras, relaxation.
  2. Demonstrated ability to perform meditation
  3. Knowledge of the environment for meditation and the benefits of meditation on health and its practical application in modern life.

SECTION 8: Teaching Practice

8.1 In-depth knowledge of

  1. The scope of practice of Yoga and how to assess the need for referral to other professional services when needed
  2. Observed capacity for, well-developed communication skills: listening, presence, directive and non-directive dialogue.

8.2 Demonstrated ability

  1. To recognize, adjust, and adapt to specific aspirant needs in the progressive classes.
  2. To recognize and manage the subtle dynamics inherent in the teacher – aspirant relationship.

8.3 Principles and skills for educating aspirants

  1. In-depth knowledge of and demonstrated ability to apply effective teaching methods, adapt to unique styles of learning, provide supportive and effective feedback, acknowledge the aspirant’s progress, and cope with difficulties.
  2. In-depth knowledge of and demonstrated ability to transmit the value of self-awareness and self- responsibility throughout the process.
  3. In-depth knowledge of and demonstrated ability to develop and adjust appropriate practice strategies to the aspirant.

8.4 Principles and skills for working with groups

  1. Familiarity with and Demonstrated ability to design, implement, and evaluate group programs.
  2. Familiarity of group dynamics and allied techniques of communication skills, time management, and the establishment of priorities and boundaries.
  3. Familiarity with techniques to address the specific needs of individual participants, to the degree possible in a group setting.